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Irvine California White Collar Crime Defense Blog

Explaining the 1099 form

You might think that those charged with tax evasion are people who try to avoid paying taxes altogether. That assumption is shared by in Irvine, as evidenced by the surprise demonstrated by those who come seeking help from us here at Ron Cordova Attorney at Law after having been accused of it. The truth is that many tax evasion charges arise from simple cases of underreporting income. Such issues ca often be traced back to a misunderstanding if a tax form that you might be likely be familiar with (yet not fully comprehend its significance): a 1099. 

Almost everyone knows what a W-2 form is, yet many seem to be confused over the purpose of a 1099. This form is meant to report any income that you received outside of your normal salary. According to TurboTax, there are actually several different types of 1099 forms, including: 

  • 1099-MISC: Income earned as an independent contractor
  • 1099-DIV: Income earned from interest and distributions from investments
  • 1099-G: Income earned from federal or state assistance programs (such as unemployment compensation)
  • 1099-R: Income earned from retirement account distributions 
  • 1099-C: Income retained due to debt cancellations

3 examples of mail fraud

Despite the emergence of the internet, fraud committed through the mail persists. In fact, mail fraud makes up some of the most common types of fraud offenses. 

The following are three examples of common forms of mail fraud. Allegations of these or any other kind of fraud necessitate a serious legal defense strategy.

What is ransomware?

Cybercrime is a threat that impacts people throughout the world and right here in New Jersey too. Cybercrimes include a variety of scams, identity theft, exploitation of children and attacks on computer systems. For victims, including businesses, the effects are frustrating and costly. Ransomware attacks are one type of internet crime that affects businesses large and small, as well as government and law enforcement agencies.

According to the FBI, ransomware is a type of malware used by hackers to extort money from victims by locking down sensitive digital files and requiring a ransom for their release. This type of attack can be devastating due to loss of proprietary information and disruption of regular business practices. Files may also contain sensitive personal information that cause customers to discontinue doing business with a company that has been hacked. It can happen on home computers too, where the loss may be either financial or personal by attacking videos, photos or other data.

Alien demographic information misused by ICE employee

One of the obvious byproducts of the current information age is that people are often granted easy access to a wealth of data hat is normally considered confidential information. Through one's career in Irvine, he or she might be able to view countless data elements such as names, dates or birth, addresses and social security numbers. Access to such information typically comes as a privilege of one's job, with strict instructions regarding its retrieval, use and storage. Violations of such guidelines can not only result in one losing his or her job, but also leave him or her facing criminal charges. 

Sometimes, the misuse of confidential information may be blatant. That appears to be the case with a now former employee of the Immigration and Customs Enforcement bureau. The man admitted to pulling the demographic information of countless aliens out of ICE's database as well as from actual hard-copy immigration files. He used that information to obtain loans, open lines of credit, secure credit cards and make large purchases, all under the names he took from his work resources. He also set up utility accounts and even listed some of the names as dependents on his tax returns. In all, he supposedly gained close to $200,000 from this scheme. 

Altercation between officer and woman caught on film

It is widely recognized that the law enforcement officers working in Irvine and elsewhere provide valuable services to the communities they support. Often, they are confronted with tense situations. While empowered to use their authority to help diffuse such situations, they are still expected to maintain their professional conduct at all times. In cases where they may not meet that expectation, their actions (and reactions) may justly be called into question

That is exactly what is occurring currently as officials review the circumstances of a confrontation that recently occurred in Arcata that has since gone viral. Authorities pulled a vehicle over after witnessing one of its occupants stand up and sticking her head out of the sunroof. The girl was ultimately arrested, yet the situation escalated even further after another of the vehicle's passengers began arguing with one of the arresting officers. The female passenger was then pulled from the vehicle and an altercation ensued which required the intervention of several other officers. She was eventually subdued and arrested as well. 

California attorney faces disbarment for tax evasion

Tax evasion occurs when individuals, businesses or trusts deliberately avoid or try to pay less than they owe in taxes. It most often involves the party deliberately misrepresenting the true value of assets. There are serious consequences for such action, as is demonstrated by the case of one California attorney, James Stewart Richards, based out of Simi Valley, who now faces disbarment for the offense. 

A court convicted Richards in 2015 for tax evasion, and the California State Bar Court has now recommended he face disbarment for his actions. Additionally, the state bar court has recommended Richards must pay all costs associated with the conviction. For now, the court has placed Richards on an involuntary inactive enrollment, which means he is an inactive member of the State Bar Association until the matter reaches a conclusion. The case is currently awaiting the decision of the California Supreme Court.

Encinitas man arrested for alleged burglary of mobile home

It may be easy for Irvine residents to fall into the trap of automatically assuming that one who has been reported to be arrested is guilty. This assumption may come from one of two beliefs: that people would not accuse one of a crime falsely, and/or that police would not bother to arrest one were they not entirely sure of his or her involvement in an offense. Yet there certainly may be cases where people might have ulterior motives in accusing others of crimes, or situations where police feel pressurre to take action, and thus may make a rush to judgment. 

The facts surrounding the recent case of an Encinitas man seem quite murky in their support of his arrest on burglary charges. Law enforcement officials were called to a local mobile home park after residents noticed the man was hanging around the premises. When confronted, he said that he was looking for his lost dog. However, later statements say that he was searching for a new residence for his mother-in-law. Details of the break-in that led to the charges he has arrested on where not shared. 

Counterfeit goods lead to economic loss

Have you ever complimented someone on an item of clothing, watch or tech toy and received in reply a story about how much money the owner saved when he or she bought it? Getting a good deal on a pricy item is something every California consumer seeks, and something they want to tell others about—even if the item is a knock-off. A look at the other side of the story, however, reveals how much money that item really costs in terms of economic impact.

According to U.S. Immigration and Customers Enforcement, federal authorities recently arrested the owner of an Orange County-based electronic components reseller on charges of counterfeiting. A multi-agency investigation led to the indictment of the business owner on multiple charges, including that he allegedly and knowingly bought integrated circuits—already discarded, used or outdated—and resold them as new parts from top name-brand manufacturers.

What is wire fraud?

Before the days of the internet and its related components, many schemes occurred through the use of the postal system. The act of using letters with the purpose of falsely acquiring the personal information or money of others is mail fraud. For example, someone may order something through a catalog and never receive the item or may fill out what looks like a legitimate government or bank form.

This type of fraud is now less common than the more efficient means of wire fraud, which is similar except that it uses wire communication instead of mail. If you face charges for wire fraud, it is important to understand what that means.

Why you might be accused of scamming when you never did anything

Scams seem everywhere these days, even on social media. They are not something you would take part in and perpetuate on another person, so why are people, maybe even the police, now accusing you of scamming others?

One reason may be that someone else is masquerading as you. Here is a look at that reason and a few others.

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